Crafting is a main feature of survival mode that requires the combination of resources to create new things.
In the inventory, the player has a small 2 by 2 crafting area, which can be used to craft simple items. In order to get a large, 3 by 3 crafting area, the player must craft a Crafting Table (See below).
2 by 2 Crafting Area
Crafting a Crafting Table
This is the crafting recipe for how to create a bigger crafting area. On the left, you see 4 wooden planks combined to make the crafting table, which is produced on the right.
3 by 3 Crafting Area
If you place a Crafting Table into the world and shift-click it, you will see a 3x3 grafting grid like so: